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Hector Isaev
Hector Isaev

The Inside Story of Operation Blue Star: A Free PDF Book in Punjabi


Operation Blue Star: The True Story Book Review




Operation Blue Star was one of the most controversial and debated military operations in Indian history. It was a turning point in the relations between the Indian government and the Sikh community. In this article, we will review a book that gives an insider's account of this operation, written by Lt. Gen. K.S. Brar, who led it. We will also tell you how to download this book in Punjabi, one of the languages spoken by the Sikhs.




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What is Operation Blue Star?




Operation Blue Star was an Indian Army operation that was conducted in 1984 in Punjab, a state in northern India. It aimed to remove Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale, a Sikh leader who advocated for a separate homeland for Sikhs called Khalistan, and his followers from the Harmandir Sahib Temple Complex, also known as the Golden Temple, the holiest site of Sikhism.


The background and context of the operation




The operation was a result of a long-standing conflict between the Indian government and some sections of the Sikh community over political, religious, and economic issues. The Sikhs felt discriminated against and marginalized by the central government, which was dominated by Hindus. They demanded more autonomy and rights for Punjab and recognition of Sikhism as a distinct religion.


In 1982, Bhindranwale joined a regional political party called Akali Dal and launched a campaign called Dharam Yudh Morcha (Religious War Front) to press for these demands. He also started arming his followers and occupying various religious buildings, including the Golden Temple. He declared his intention to create Khalistan, a sovereign state for Sikhs, by force if necessary. He also incited violence against Hindus and other communities, leading to many killings and riots.


The objectives and execution of the operation




The Indian government, led by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, decided to launch a military operation to flush out Bhindranwale and his supporters from the Golden Temple and restore law and order in Punjab. The operation was codenamed Operation Blue Star and was carried out from June 1 to June 10, 1984.


The operation involved about 15,000 troops from various units of the Indian Army, including commandos, tanks, helicopters, and artillery. They faced about 200 militants who were heavily armed with rifles, machine guns, rocket launchers, and explosives. They had also fortified the temple complex with sandbags, bunkers, and booby traps.


The operation was divided into two sub-operations: Operation Metal, which focused on clearing the Golden Temple complex; and Operation Shop, which aimed to eliminate any remaining militants in other parts of Punjab.


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The operation faced many difficulties and challenges, such as resistance from the militants, civilian casualties, damage to the temple buildings, media blackout, curfew imposition, public outrage, international criticism, and military casualties.


The aftermath and consequences of the operation




The operation succeeded in killing Bhindranwale and most of his followers and restoring control over the Golden Temple complex. However, it also had many negative consequences for India and Punjab. Some of them are:


  • It sparked widespread anger and resentment among Sikhs who felt that their sacred shrine had been desecrated and their religious identity had been violated.



  • It led to the assassination of Indira Gandhi by her Sikh bodyguards on October 31, 1984, which triggered anti-Sikh pogroms in Delhi and other parts of India, killing thousands of Sikhs.



  • It intensified the militancy and separatism in Punjab, resulting in more violence, bloodshed, and human rights violations for the next decade.



  • It damaged the reputation and credibility of the Indian Army, which was accused of using excessive force, violating human rights, and interfering in internal affairs.



  • It strained the relations between India and its neighbors, especially Pakistan, which supported the Khalistan movement and provided sanctuary to some of the militants.



What is the book about?




Operation Blue Star: The True Story is a book written by Lt. Gen. K.S. Brar, who was the commander of Operation Blue Star. It was first published in 1993 and has been reprinted several times since then. It is one of the few books that gives a first-hand account of the operation from the military perspective.


The author and his perspective




Lt. Gen. K.S. Brar is a retired officer of the Indian Army who served in various capacities during his career. He was born in 1934 in a Sikh family in Punjab. He joined the army in 1954 and rose to the rank of lieutenant general. He participated in several wars and operations, such as the 1965 Indo-Pak War, the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War, the 1987 Operation Pawan in Sri Lanka, and the 1984 Operation Blue Star. He retired from the army in 1992 and settled in Mumbai. He has also written another book called The Sri Lanka Peace-Keeping Operation: The Indian Experience.


Lt. Gen. Brar wrote this book to give his version of the events that led to and followed Operation Blue Star. He claims that he was not involved in the planning or decision-making of the operation, but was only assigned to execute it at the last moment. He says that he had no personal or political agenda, but only followed his duty as a soldier. He also says that he regrets the loss of life and damage to the temple, but defends his actions as necessary and justified. He also criticizes some of the politicians, media persons, and historians who have distorted or misrepresented the facts about the operation.


The content and structure of the book




The book is divided into 12 chapters and an epilogue. The chapters are:


  • The Prelude: This chapter gives an overview of the history and geography of Punjab and Sikhism, and explains how they shaped the political and social situation in Punjab.



  • The Build-Up: This chapter describes how Bhindranwale emerged as a leader of the Sikh militancy and how he occupied the Golden Temple complex.



  • The Decision: This chapter narrates how Indira Gandhi decided to launch Operation Blue Star and how Lt. Gen. Brar was appointed as the commander.



  • The Plan: This chapter outlines the objectives, strategy, tactics, and resources of Operation Blue Star.



  • The Assault: This chapter details how Operation Metal was carried out from June 3 to June 6, 1984.



  • The Mop-Up: This chapter recounts how Operation Shop was conducted from June 7 to June 10, 1984.



  • The Aftermath: This chapter analyzes the results and repercussions of Operation Blue Star.



The Fallout: This chapter discusses the assassinatio


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